查看: 385|回复: 0

[综合] 双语阅读/拜登公布2万亿美元基建计划









Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

发表于 2021-4-4 13:23:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
拜登公布2万亿美元基建计划Biden unveils $2tn infrastructure plan and big corporate tax rise

By James Politi in Washington

Joe Biden unveiled his plan to plough $2tn in government spending into US infrastructure alongside $2tn in higher corporate taxes, as the first stage of a multitrillion-dollar effort to reshape the world’s

largest economy.

The US president made the announcement in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on Wednesday, calling it the biggest public investment programme since the creation of the interstate highway system and the Space

Race of the 1960s.

“It’s going to create the strongest ,most resilient, innovative economy in the world. It’s not a plan that tinkers around the edges,” Biden said, adding: “This is not to target those who have made it, not to  seek retribution. This is about opening opportunities for everybody else.”

Coming just weeks after Congress approved a $1.9tn fiscal stimulus plan to reboot the pandemic-ravaged US economy, Biden’s investment proposal sets the stage for weeks of delicate negotiations on

Capitol Hill, where Democrats hold razor-thin majorities in both chambers of Congress.

If passed, it would represent a high-stakes bet by the White House that a lasting injection of government funds, funded by higher corporate taxes, will strengthen the economy as it emerges from the

coronavirus crisis, rather than weaken it, as Republicans argue.

Biden said it would also help America’s standing in the world: “[It] will promote our national security interest and put us in a position to win the global competition with China in the upcoming years. It’s

big, yes. It’s bold, yes, and we can get it done.”

The plan sets aside up to $621bn in funding for traditional infrastructure upgrades, including roads, bridges, public transport networks, electric vehicles and vital hubs such as ports and airports.

It will also try to direct the spending towards projects to help the US mitigate the climate crisis, which the Biden administration has vowed to tackle head-on, in a big shift from the scepticism of former

president Donald Trump.

These proposals include $100bn in measures to modernise the electricity grid, tax credits for clean energy generation and storage and to plug orphan oil and gas wells — as well as $213bn to make homes

more energy-efficient and $100bn to do the same for public schools. Meanwhile, $180bn of funds will be directed towards investments in research and development in areas such as artificial intelligence and

biotechnology, aimed at improving competitiveness with China. A further $300bn in government spending is to be devoted to manufacturing subsidies, including help for chipmakers.

While supporters of Biden’s plan have already argued that it will address decades of chronic under-investment in public goods that has hurt the economy, critics were concerned that the corporate tax

increases could be harmful to US competitiveness.

Biden wants to raise the corporate tax rate from 21 per cent to 28 per cent, and muster additional revenue through a 21 per cent global minimum tax, calculated on a country-by-country basis “so it hits

profits in tax havens”, according to the White House. The president also wants to scrap an exemption from taxes for companies on the first 10 per cent of earnings produced internationally and end tax

preferences for fossil fuel producers.

The president twice singled out Amazon for being among a slew of blue-chip US companies that “use various loopholes so they pay not a single solitary penny in federal income tax”.

He added: “I don’t want to punish them but that’s just wrong . . . I’m going to put an end to that.”

Even before Biden released his plan, the Business Roundtable, which represents the biggest blue-chip companies in Washington, attacked the tax increases in the plan.

Neil Bradley, the US Chamber of Commerce’s chief policy officer, on Wednesday said that while it favoured a “big and bold” infrastructure package, the corporate levies were “dangerously misguided”

and would “slow the economic recovery and make the US less competitive globally — the exact opposite of the goals of the infrastructure plan”.

Trade unions cheered the announcement. “Joe Biden understands we need to go big, and this announcement brings us one step closer to delivering the aggressive changes we need to rebuild our country,”
tweeted the AFL-CIO, the largest US trade union federation.

Biden’s spending proposal is expected to last about eight years, whereas the corporate tax increases are expected to be phased in over 15 years, beyond the US government’s traditional 10-year budget

window, implying the plan will add to America’s deficit during that time.

Despite the high price tag of Biden’s infrastructure package, the White House is expected in the coming weeks to complete its investment plan with an additional set of spending measures on “childcare,

healthcare [and] education” that is likely to top $1tn, bringing the total amount to more than $3tn.

The second package is expected to be paired with tax increases on wealthy individuals, including on income, capital gains and estates.

As he prepares to begin the negotiations with Congress on both packages, Biden is facing competing pressures within his party. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the New York Democratic lawmaker, has said the

$2tn infrastructure plan is “not nearly enough” and has argued for a higher figure. But other Democrats are worried that the spending and tax rises could be excessive, with some even calling for a repeal of

a cap on deductions for state and local tax payments, which would amount to a tax cut.


乔•拜登(Joe Biden)宣布将投入2万亿美元政府支出用于美国的基础设施建设,同时通过提高企业税筹集2万亿美元收入,这是重塑全球最大经济体的数万亿美元努力的第一阶段。







还将投向帮助美国缓解气候危机的项目。拜登政府发誓要正面应对气候危机,这与对气候变化持怀疑态度的前总统唐纳德•特朗普(Donald Trump)有很大不同。







甚至在拜登公布他的计划之前,代表最大型蓝筹股公司的华盛顿机构商业圆桌会议(Business Roundtable)就对该计划中的增税措施进行了抨击。

美国商会(US Chamber of Commerce)首席政策官尼尔•布拉德利(Neil Bradley)周三表示,虽然美国商会支持“宏大且有魄力的”基建计划,但企业税政策“危险地跑偏了”,会“减慢经济复苏速度,削弱美国的全球竞争力——这恰恰与基建计划的目标背道而驰”。





随着拜登准备就两项计划与国会谈判,他还面临民主党内部两种相互竞争的压力。来自纽约的民主党议员亚历山德里娅•奥卡西奥-科尔特斯(Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez)表示,2万亿美元的基建计划“完全不够”,并主张将数额提高。











使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册


手机版|Archiver|西渡营 ( ICP13011341 42010202000428

GMT+8, 2021-4-17 04:35 , Processed in 0.085959 second(s), 26 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3.2

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表