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[综合] 双语阅读/Wandering elephants

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发表于 2021-6-12 09:34:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Two passages from CNN about the wandering elephants in Yunnan, China

Elephant herd razes 500-kilometer path of destruction after escape from China nature reserveA herd of 15 elephants has wreaked havoc in China, trampling crops and causing more than a million dollars' worth of damage, after the animals escaped from a nature reserve last year.
The elephants have made a 500-kilometer (311-mile) journey through the southwestern province of Yunnan from the nature reserve in Xishuangbanna to Yuxi, a city of 2.6 million people, leaving a trail of destruction in their wake, according to state news agency Xinhua.
It is unclear why they left their nature reserve home, but on their travels, the elephants have caused 412 separate incidents of damage, with financial losses amounting to around 6.8 million yuan ($1.1 million), Xinhua reported. They destroyed 56 hectares of farmland in the counties of Yuanjiang and Shiping alone, the agency said.

The creatures have also caused significant disruption to locals. Last Thursday, residents were told to stay indoors and pedestrians and vehicles evacuated in the town of Eshan after the elephants roamed the streets for six hours.
Authorities established a 24-hour command center to monitor the animals after they were seen in the Hongta District of Yuxi on Monday, with over 360 people, 76 police cars and dirt trucks and nine drones mobilized for the task, and 18 tonnes of elephant food prepared. No casualties have been reported, according to Xinhua.
Monitoring images show the herd is comprised of six female adults, three male adults, three sub-adults and three calves.
Asian elephants are the largest land mammal on the Asian continent, according to the World Wildlife Fund. They are considered a protected species in China, and around 300 of them live in Yunnan, according to Xinhua.
At least a dozen buzzing drones monitor them around the clock. Wherever they go, they're escorted by police. And when they eat or sleep, they're watched by millions online.
For more than a week, China has been gripped by a new internet sensation: a herd of 15 marauding elephants, who are large, lost and wrecking havoc in the country's southwest.
Millions have tuned in to livestreams of the elephants, which have trekked more than 500 kilometers (310 miles) across the country since escaping from a nature reserve in South China last year.
And online, netizens have followed transfixed as the elephants trampled crops, causing more than a million dollars worth of damage, and roamed through towns, prompting local residents to stay inside.
Unsurprisingly, breakout stars have emerged. Viewers are particularly charmed by the herd's three calves, including one who was born during the epic journey, according to Chinese state-run tabloid Global Times.
More than 8 million people watched a video captured this week showing a calf who found itself stuck under an adult elephant during a group nap near the city of Kunming, in southwestern Yunnan province. Another clip showed baby elephants clumsily tripping as they followed the herd across a field, while a separate video showed a calf plunging head-first into a pool as it attempted to gulp down water.
"Will they get cold while sleeping?" worried one user on social media site Weibo as pictures of the herd's naptime went viral. "I want to tuck them up under a quilt."
Human stars have even tried to ride off the elephants' celebrity.
According to Global Times, internet stars scrambled to get their hands on leftover corn and pineapple, which authorities left out to lure elephants away from cities. Videos posted online showed the stars picking up and eating leftover pineapple to attract viewers, the outlet reported.
It's still unclear why the elephants are making the journey north. Some have posited that shrinking rainforests in their home may have prompted the trip. Others say they could just be lost -- something that also worries elephant fans online.
"It's really sad that we don't know when they will reach their destination," another user wrote on Weibo.

Degraded environment

There's a more serious side to the elephant entertainment. Biologists see the situation as a warning of what happens when elephant habitats are degraded.
Asian elephants are considered a protected species in China, and around 300 of them live in Yunnan, according to Xinhua.

Over the last few decades, agriculture has led to a loss of elephant habitats, leaving herds fragmented and isolated in ever-shrinking plots of land, according to a paper in Nature. Many elephants are forced to forage for food in agricultural areas instead, leading to a rise in human-elephant conflict in the last 10 years -- something authorities are clearly keenly aware of.
Authorities have been trying to steer the elephants away from populated areas to prevent any clashes. At the end of May, authorities set up a 24-hour command center to monitor the elephants.
But the only way to prevent a future elephant exodus is to restore their habitats and protect natural resources, said Zhang Li, a wildlife biologist and professor at Beijing Normal University, according to Global Times.
"The traditional buffer zones between humans and elephants are gradually disappearing, and the chances of elephants' encountering humans naturally increase greatly," Zhang said.

背景资料:

云南省林草局介绍,4月16日,原生活栖息在西双版纳国家级自然保护区的17头亚洲象群从普洱市墨江县迁徙至玉溪市元江县。4月24日,其中2头象返回普洱市墨江县,其余15头象继续向北迁移,途经红河州石屏县,近日进入玉溪市峨山县。5月27日晚,象群一度进入峨山县城游荡。28日下午,记者在县城以北的峨峰山附近看到,象群正在山林中活动。

有关专家分析研判,从该象群所处位置和近期活动特点看,该象群有继续向北偏东迁徙的趋势,应持续做好亚洲象北迁沿线安全防范工作。

亚洲象在我国主要分布在云南西双版纳、普洱、临沧3个州市,数量仅约300头。亚洲象是亚洲现存最大的陆生野生动物,但具有较强的攻击性。专家呼吁相关区域群众听从指挥,及时掌握监测预警信息,合理安排劳作、出行时间,避免与亚洲象正面接触,禁止围观挑逗,确保人象安全。

过去数月来,它们从西双版纳保护区“离家出走”,一路“象”北暴走500多公里。对它们来说,随便散个步、进个村、歇个脚,或者去水塘泡个澡、去村民家喝顿酒,就能轻易横扫人类热搜。

为了跟上象群脚步,不少西方媒体扛起长枪短炮,竞相奔赴云南。


前来“追象”的媒体,对象群北迁之路的报道可谓事无巨细:

比如《纽约时报》观察到,象群自从离开保护区,踏上过狭窄的县城街道,路过打烊的汽车经销店,闯入过乡间的谷物仓库,偶尔碰见数名当地政府工作人员,并将他们从卡车上卸下的玉米、甘蔗吞食殆尽。

日本TBS电视台的镜头中,出现了迈入秧田的象群,它们用鼻子把地里的秧苗撸进嘴里,在泥地上留下硕大脚印。镜头一晃,出现了被大象拱变形的民居大门。

在外媒有关象群的报道中,中国政府和民众对大象的悉心保护也得到广泛认可。

《华盛顿邮报》称,“整个中国已被由15头亚洲象构成的家庭‘惊呆了’,它们在该国漫游了300英里”。报道认为,经过20年的保护,西双版纳和邻近地区的野生大象数量几乎翻了一番,这无疑是中国大象保护取得的成绩。

TBS为此还推出了节目特辑,请日本权威动物专家对亚洲象习性、中国应对方法进行解读。言语间,屡屡对中国工作人员的专业性予以肯定。日本网友则关注到节目中出现的警察、市民、村民,称他们“没有一个惊慌失措”“不戴口罩的大家,似乎说明中国已完全控制住了疫情”。

此外,日本朝日电视台记者在昆明街头发现了“大象绿植”,然后像发现了什么秘密一般,对着镜头说,“如此特色的造型意味着,当地与大象间长久以来的缘分”。

“大象去哪儿”还在外国网友间掀起了一波“好评潮”。有人感谢中国“没有伤害大象”,有人为当地政府安全引导象群的做法点赞,还有人说:“大象知道,中国是个好国家。”


据统计,在北迁的最初40天里,象群共肇事412起,破坏农作物842亩。云南当地政府一直在努力避免大象扰民、影响当地群众的正常生产生活秩序,所以沿途一路跟踪、一路保护。这次云南在引导象群过程中展露出的“庞大阵容”与“豪华科技”,也让外媒印象深刻。

例如,在预警机制上,中国省、市、县、乡、村五级协同,努力预判、预警,有效防止象群向城市及坝区等人员密集区移动,避免人员伤亡。

对此,有日媒惊叹:为监控大象,中国竟“出动一支由360人、76辆汽车和9架无人机组成的工作队,且无人机还配备了可供夜间观察的红外设备”“一个日本人不常听说的中国边陲省份,能在动物保护上动用这般力量”。

还有媒体捕捉到云南省林草局发布的消息:为“劝返”象群,多部门联合就长达400余公里的象群迁徙路径设置完整方案,通过在象群迁徙途中有意识投喂甘蔗、菠萝等食物、设障、实施无人机监测等,科学合理引导象群,保障人象安全。半岛电视台发现了一个细节:在食物诱导过程中,有关人员经过“百折不挠”的尝试发现,大象是个“挑食鬼”,爱吃玉米,不喜欢菠萝。


“大象旅行团”为何出现?又为何能在一路“象”北中圈粉无数?不少外媒借机开始关注近些年中国的环境保护和动物保护措施。

比如,英国《经济学人》报道称,近年来,中国一直在加强野生动物保护力度。今年2月,中国公布新版《国家重点保护野生动物名录》,列入近1000种野生动物,受到全球动物保护人士好评。在亚洲象保护方面,中国已建立11个各级自然保护区,总面积超过4000平方公里,亚洲象种群在中国的生存环境得以改善。

除了象群,不少外媒还把目光聚焦到了中国人身上,称在象群北迁途中,无论是动物保护人士的面貌,还是当地政府和民众的应急处理、环保意识,都让人看到了一个对自然充满人文关怀的中国。有专家评论说,这将使中国在环境议题上逐渐成为全球领跑者。

其实,某种程度上说,“大象去哪儿”故事最打动人的还是背后的人类命运共同体的发展共识。保护和尊重自然、寻求人与自然的和谐共处之道,是东西方诸多议题间的重要公约数。


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